Brexit for Beginners

A beginner’s guide to the European Union - UK in a changing Europe (

In 2022, UK in a Changing Europe launched a new series of ‘beginner’s guides’ – quick, easy guides to the most pressing issues, important institutions and divisive debates in politics and society today.

They kicked off the series with a guide to the European Union, an institution encompassing around 47,000 staff, seven institutions, over thirty agencies, and a population of almost 450 million. It’s pretty complicated, to say the least. But here they have tried to set out ​in an accessible and straightforward way what the EU is and how it came to be, what its institutions are and what they do, the EU budget, and how the EU makes and enforces laws and regulations.

This guide is perfect for those who are learning about European institutions and multilevel governance for the first time during their politics A-level. ​It will also be useful for undergraduate students beginning their studies in law, politics and economics who want to know more about how the EU interacts with their chosen subject area, or seasoned professionals who just want a quick reminder on how member states and European bodies cooperate on key policy areas.


The European Union - Paperback - Daniel Kenealy, Amelia Hadfield, Richard Corbett, John Peterson - Oxford University Press (

As the most concise, accessible guide to the EU, The European Union: How does it work? is an ideal introduction for those coming to the subject for the first time. A team of expert scholars cut through the complexity to explain how the EU works, both in theory and in practice, helping students gain the knowledge they need to succeed.

  • A perfect introduction to the EU for those with little or no prior knowledge of the subject: concise and readable, with coverage of the key actors, policies, and developments in the EU
  • An expert line-up combines leading scholars and practitioners with first-hand experience of the EU's institutions
  • 'How it really works' boxes help students connect theory with clear explanations illustrated by real-world examples
  • 'Key concepts and terms' boxes, discussion questions and further reading features further support students in broadening their knowledge of the EU
  • A range of boxes throughout the text explore specific cases that highlight how the EU works, what it does, or how it has evolved
  • Also available as an e-book with functionality, navigation features, and links that offer extra learning support

The EU Treaties in a Nutshell

This document provides a comprehensive list of the EU treaties. 

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